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Arrangement of ligands in order of increasing ligand field strength.

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Combination Reaction

Reaction in which two substances (elements or compounds) combine to form one compound.

Oxidation-reduction Reactions

Reactions in which oxidation and reduction occur, also called redox reactions.

Allotropes

Different forms of the same element in the same physical state.

Leveling Effect

Effect by which all acids stronger than the acid that is characteristic of the solvent react with solvent to produce that acid, similar statement applies to bases. The strongest acid (base) that can exist in a given solvent is the acid (base) characteristic of the solvent.

Water Equivalent

The amount of water that would absorb the same amount of heat as the calorimeter per degree temperature increase.

Radiation

High energy particles or rays emitted during the nuclear decay processes.

Ionization Energy

The minimum amount of energy required to remove the most loosely held electron of an isolated gaseous atom or ion.

Optical Isomers

Stereoisomers that differ only by being nonsuperimposable mirror images of each other, like right and left hands, also called enantiomers.

Adhesive Forces

Forces of attraction between a liquid and another surface.

Formula Weight

The mass of one formula unit of a substance in atomic mass units.