The universe tends toward a state of greater diorder in spontaneous processes.
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support
Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
- Harmful Chemicals Found In Food
It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
- Chemical Safety
People use chemicals every day for a wide array of purposes, which can include work and house hold duties. Many of us fail to realize that we are actually handling potentially deadly chemicals when we simply clean the bathroom or wash the car. This brings to mind the reason why chemical safety is...
Binary compounds of boron and hydrogen.
Metal with low ionization energy that loses electrons readily to form cations.
The combination of many small molecules to form large molecules.
The substance that oxidizes another substance and is reduced.
Compound produced by dehydration of a carbonic acid. General formula is R--C--O--C--R. Chemical compound that reacts with water to form an acid and are usually oxides of nonmetallic elements.
Colloidal suspension of a liquid in a liquid.
A substance of two or more elements in fixed proportions. Compounds can be decomposed into their constituent elements.
The smallest particle of an element.
Specific Rate Constant
An experimentally determined (proportionality) constant, which is different for different reactions and which changes only with temperature, k in the rate-law expression: Rate = k [A] x [B]v.
The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds of a given kind (in gas phase).The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds in a substance, dissociating the sustance in the gaseous state into atoms of its elements in the gaseous state.
Refers to an optically active substance that rotates the plane of plane polarized light counterclockwise, also called levo.
A binary compound in which H is bonded to one or more of the more electronegative nonmetals.
Refers to species that have only six electrons in the highest energy level of the central element (many Lewis acids).
A colorless, nonvolatile solid, XeO3, explosive when dry: in solution it is called xenic acid.
The quantitative application of Faraday's Law to the analysis of materials. The current and time are the usual variables measured.
Describes processes that absorb heat energy.
It is the force in dynes acting along the surface of the liquid 1cm in length and perpendicular to it.
A substance that conducts electricity poorly in a dilute aqueous solution.
Beginning in the third energy level, aset of five degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s and p orbitals of the same energy level.
Band of Stability
Band containing nonradioactive nuclides in a plot of number of neutrons versus atomic number.