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of or derived from saccharin or a saccharine substance.

 

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Concentration

Amount of solute per unit volume or mass of solvent or of solution.

Saturated Solution

Solution in which no more solute will dissolve.

Substance

Any kind of matter all specimens of which have the same chemical composition and physical properties.

 

Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

A technique for measuring the temperature, direction, and magnitude of thermal transitions in a sample material by heating/cooling and comparing the amount of energy required to maintain its rate of temperature increase or decrease with an inert reference material under similar conditions.

Autoionization

An ionization reaction between identical molecules.

Cohesive Forces

All the forces of attraction among particles of a liquid.

Electrophoresis

A technique for separation of ions by rate and direction of migration in an electric field.

Amino Acid

Compound containing both an amino and a carboxylic acid group.The --NH2 group.

Absolute Entropy (of a substance)

The increase in the entropy of a substance as it goes from a perfectly ordered crystalline form at 0 °K (where its entropy is zero) to the temperature in question.

Entropy is a measure of the “dilution” of thermal energy.