The mass action expression under any set of conditions (not necessarily equlibrium), its magnitude relative to K determines the direction in which the reaction must occur to establish equilibrium.
- Chemical Safety
People use chemicals every day for a wide array of purposes, which can include work and house hold duties. Many of us fail to realize that we are actually handling potentially deadly chemicals when we simply clean the bathroom or wash the car. This brings to mind the reason why chemical safety is...
- What are Compound Microscopes?
Most of the microscopes used today are compound. A compound microscope features two or more lenses. A hollow cylinder called the tube connects the two lenses. The top lens, the one people look through, is called the eyepiece. The bottom lens is known as the objective lens. Below the two lenses is...
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- Harmful Chemicals Found In Food
It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...
- What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support
Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
A device used to measure the densities of liquids and solutions.
Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.
A measure of the relative tendency of an atom to attract electrons to itself when chemically combined with another atom.
Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO)
A person or employee who is qualified by training or experience to provide technical guidance in the development and implementations of the provisions of a Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)
The relative order of tendencies for elements and their simple ions to act as oxidizing or reducing agents, also called the activity series.
A change in which one or more new substances are formed.
Ideal Gas Law
The product of pressure and the volume of an ideal gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas and the absolute temperature.
Rods of materials such as cadmium or boron steel that act as neutron obsorbers (not merely moderaters) used in nuclear reactors to control neutron fluxes and therfore rates of fission.
The combination of many small molecules to form large molecules.
Sand, rock, and other impurities surrounding the mineral of interest in an ore.
Maximum amount of a specified product that could be obtained from specified amounts of reactants, assuming complete consumption of limiting reactant according to only one reaction and complete recovery of product.
The pentosan occurring in woody tissue that hydrolyzes to xylose: used as a source of furfural.
Net Ionic Equation
Equation that results from canceling spectator ions and eliminating brackets from a total ionic equation.
A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and four atoms at the corners of a square.
Transition State Theory
Theory of reaction rates that states that reactants pass through high-energy transition states before forming products.
The chemistry of substances that contain carbon-hydrogen bonds.
An orgainic ion carrying a positive charge on a carbon atom.
A thermodynamic state or property that measures the degree of disorder or randomness of a system.
Integral number of protons in the nucleus, defines the identity of element.
Low Spin Complex
Crystal field designation for an inner orbital complex, contains electrons paired t2g orbitals before eg orbitals are occupied in octahedral complexes.