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Equation relating the rate of a reaction to the concentrations of the reactants and the specific rate of the constant.

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Valence Electrons

Outermost electrons of atoms, usually those involved in bonding.

Conduction Band

A partially filled band or a band of vacant energy levels just higher in energy than a filled band, a band within which, or into which, electrons must be promoted to allow electrical conduction to occur in a solid.

Active Metal

Metal with low ionization energy that loses electrons readily to form cations.

Quantum Mechanics

Mathematical method of treating particles on the basis of quantum theory, which assumes that energy (of small particles) is not infinitely divisible.

Nernst Equation

Corrects standard electrode potentials for nonstandard conditions.

Crystal Field Theory

Theory of bonding in transition metal complexes in which ligands and metal ions are treated as point charges, a purely ionic model, ligand point charges represent the crystal (electrical) field perturbing the metal?s d orbitals containing nonbonding electrons.

Saccharate

A compound formed by interaction of sucrose with a metallic oxide, usually lime, and useful in the purification of sugar.

 

Breeder Reactor

A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable nuclear fuel than it consumes.

Cell Potential

Potential difference, Ecell, between oxidation and reduction half-cells under nonstandard conditions.

 

Salt Bridge

A U-shaped tube containing electrolyte, which connects two half-cells of a voltaic cell.