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A subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0073 amu and a charge of +1, found in thew nuclei of atoms.

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Hybridization

Mixing a set of atomic orbitals to form a new set of atomic orbitals with the same total electron capacity and with properties and energies intermediate between those of the original unhybridized orbitals.

Dipole

Refers to the separation of charge between two covalently bonded atoms.

Polarimeter

A device used to measure optical activity.

Ampere

Unit of electrical current, one ampere equals one coulomb per second.

 

Ionization Energy

The minimum amount of energy required to remove the most loosely held electron of an isolated gaseous atom or ion.

Solubility Product Constant

Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissolution of a slightly soluble compound.

Photon

A packet of light or electromagnetic radiation, also called quantum of light.

 

Endothermic

Describes processes that absorb heat energy.

Alkenes (Olefins)

Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds.

Transition State Theory

Theory of reaction rates that states that reactants pass through high-energy transition states before forming products.