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A subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0073 amu and a charge of +1, found in thew nuclei of atoms.

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Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

Octahedral

A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and six atoms at the corners of a octahedron.

Photochemical Oxidants

Photochemically produced oxidizing agents capable of causing damage to plants and animals.

Net Ionic Equation

Equation that results from canceling spectator ions and eliminating brackets from a total ionic equation.

Band Theory of Metals

Theory that accounts for the bonding and properties of metallic solids.

Zone Refining

A method of purifying a bar of metal by passing it through an induction heater, this causes impurties to move along a melted portion. This method applies the fact when a metal crystallizes on cooling, impurities are automatically expelled as they do not form part of the crystal.

Leclanche Cell

A common type of dry cell.

Dry Cells

Ordinary batteries (voltaic cells) for flashlights. radios, and so on, many are Leclanche cells.

Oxidation

An algebraic increase in the oxidation number, may correspond to a loss of electrons.

Organic Chemistry

The chemistry of substances that contain carbon-hydrogen bonds.