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A physical state of matter which exists at extremely high temperatures in which all molecules are dissociated and most atoms are ionized.

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Flotation

Method by which hydrophobic (water-repelling) particles of an ore are separated from hydrophilic (water-attracting) particles of a metallurgical pretreatment process.

Spectator Ions

Ions in a solution that do not participate in a chemical reaction.

Dispersed Phase

The solute-like species in a colloid.

Breeder Reactor

A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable nuclear fuel than it consumes.

Molality

Concentration expressed as number of moles of solute per kilogram of solvent.

Wild patina, is it so bad?

Usually this kind of patina appears on monuments. The most striking example is the Statue of Liberty in New York.

Daughter Nuclide

Nuclide that is produced in a nuclear decay.

 

Coke

An impure form of carbon obtained by destructive distillation of coal or petroleum.

Crystal Lattice Energy

Amount of energy that holds a crystal together, the energy change when a mole of solid is formed from its constituent molecules or ions (for ionic compounds) in their gaseous state.

Magnetic Quantum Number (mc)

Quantum mechanical solution to a wave equation that designates the particular orbital within a given set (s, p, d, f ) in which a electron resides.