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The percentage of the weak electrolyte that ionizes in a solution of given concentration.

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An ionization reaction between identical molecules.


Hydrocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring. Alcohols are a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group, OH, attached to a carbon atom.

Buffer Solution

Solution that resists change in pH, contains either a weak acid and a soluble ionic salt of the acid or a weak base and a soluble ionic salt of the base.


The quantitative application of Faraday's Law to the analysis of materials. The current and time are the usual variables measured.

Active Metal

Metal with low ionization energy that loses electrons readily to form cations.

Acetic Acid

CA3COOH, clear, colorless liquid, pungent odor. Boiling point 140C, flash point 54C (closed cup), autoignition temperature 38OC.

Chain Termination Step

The combination of two radicals, which removes the reactive species that propagate the change reaction.

Total Ionic Equation

Equation for a chemical reaction written to show the predominant form of all species in aqueous solution or in contact with water.

Equation of State

An equation that describes the behavior of matter in a given state, the van der Waals equation describes the behavior of the gaseous state.


Group VIIA elements: F, Cl, Br, I