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The percent of a specified compound or element in an impure sample.

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Functional Group

A group of atoms that represents a potential reaction site in an organic compound.

Absorption Spectrum

Spectrum associated with absorption of electromagnetic radiation by atoms (or other species) resulting from transitions from lower to higher energy states. An absorption spectrum is the inverse of an emission spectrum.

Phenol

Hydrocarbon derivative containing an [OH] group bound to an aromatic raing.

 

Low Spin Complex

Crystal field designation for an inner orbital complex, contains electrons paired t2g orbitals before eg orbitals are occupied in octahedral complexes.

Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

Meniscus

The shape assumed by the surface of a liquid in a cylindrical container.

Electronic Transition

The transfer of an electron from one energy level to another.

London Forces

Very weak and very short-range attractive forces between short-lived temporary (induced) dipoles, also called dispersion Forces.

Reactants

Substances consumed in a chemical reaction.

Insoluble Compound

A very slightly soluble compound.