No two electrons in the same atom may have identical sets of four quantum numbers.
- What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support
Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
- Harmful Chemicals Found In Food
It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
- What are Compound Microscopes?
Most of the microscopes used today are compound. A compound microscope features two or more lenses. A hollow cylinder called the tube connects the two lenses. The top lens, the one people look through, is called the eyepiece. The bottom lens is known as the objective lens. Below the two lenses is...
Ratiation extraneous to an experiment. Usually the low-level natural radiation form cosmic rays and trace radioactive substances present in our environment.
The pressure exerted by one gas in a mixture of gases.
In a cathode ray tube, the positive electrode. Electrode at which oxidation occurs.
The slowest step in a mechanism, the step that determines the overall rate of reaction.
A substance added to react with the charge, or a product of its reduction, in metallurgy, usually added to lower a melting point.
A process for the industrial production of nitrogen oxide and nitric acid from ammonia and oxygen.
The quantity of product formed by the interaction of two or more substances, generally expressed as a percentage of the quantity obtained to that theoretically obtainable.
The sum of the molalities of all solute particles in a solution.
Colorless to slightly yellow fuming liquid.
Mol. Wt.: 153.39
Density: 1.685 @ 15.5C
Vapor Pressure: 40 mm @ 27.3C
Vapor Density: 5.3
Used as the phosphorus source for phosphorus diffusion.
Spectrum associated with emission of electromagnetic radiation by atoms (or other species) resulting from electronic transitions from higher to lower energy states.
The reaction of a substance with the solvent in which it is dissolved.
The rotation of plane polarized light by one of a pair of optical isomers.
A substance that produces H+(aq) ions in aqueous solution. Strong acids ionize completely or almost completely in dilute aqueous solution. Weak acids ionize only slightly. Chemicals or substances having the property of an acid are said to be acidic.
Pair of electrons involved in a covalent bond.
Primary Voltaic Cells
Voltaic cells that cannot be recharged, no further chemical reaction is possible once the reactants are consumed.
An isotope of hydrogen whose atoms are twice as massive as ordinary hydrogen,deuterion atoms contain both a proton and a neutron in the nucleus.
Amount of a specified pure product actually obtained from a given reaction. Compare with Theoretical Yield.
Aufbau ('building up') Principle
Describes the order in which electrons fill orbitals in atoms.
A region in which the probability of finding an electron is zero.
Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds.