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The Chemical Glossary currently has 651 chemical entries. You may search the Chemical Glossary by entering the keyword in the search box or by browsing the entire chemical glossary by letter in alphabetical order.

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Effective Molality

The sum of the molalities of all solute particles in a solution.

Intermolecular Forces

Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.

Hydrophilic Colloids

Colloidal particles that repel water molecules.

Equivalent Weight

An oxidizing or reducing agent, who's mass gains (oxidizing agents) or loses (reducing agents) 6.022 x 1023 electrons in a redox reaction.
The mass of an acid or base that furnishes or reacts with 6.022 x 1023 H3O+ or OH- ions.

Hard Water

Water containing Fe3+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ ions, which forms precipates with soap.

Solubility Product Constant

Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissolution of a slightly soluble compound.

Molar Solubility

Number of moles of a solute that dissolve to produce a litre of saturated solution.

Secondary Standard

A solution that has been titrated against a primary standard. A standard solution is a secondary standard.

 

Flotation

Method by which hydrophobic (water-repelling) particles of an ore are separated from hydrophilic (water-attracting) particles of a metallurgical pretreatment process.

Dispersed Phase

The solute-like species in a colloid.