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The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a body (of any mass) one degree Celsius.

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Saturated Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds. They are also called alkanes or paraffin hydrocarbons.

Varieties of garnet minerals

The most famous type of garnet stone is pyrope (flaming). This is the "oldest of garnets", with a dense red color, similar to the grain of an edible garnet. Pyrope has a variety called rhodolite - a stone of dense pink or pink-purple color, which sometimes has the alexandrite effect and is used in elite jewelry.

Density

Density is the ratio b/w Mass and Volume: D=M/V

Outer Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.

Ionization Constant

Equilibrium constant for the ionization of a weak electrolyte.

Heteronuclear

Consisting of different elements.

Emulsifying Agent

A sustance that coats the particles of the dispersed phase and prevents coagulation of colloidal particles, an emulsifier.

Dimer

Molecule formed by combination of two smaller (identical) molecules.

Strong Field Ligand

Ligand that exerts a strong crystal or ligand electrical field and generally forms low spin complexes with metal ions when possible.

Amphiprotism

Ability of a substance to exhibit amphiprotism by accepting donated protons.