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Process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent.

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Avogadro's Number

The number (6.022x10^23) of atoms, molecules or particles found in exactly 1 mole of substance.

Nodal Plane

A region in which the probability of finding an electron is zero.

 

Reducing Agent

The substance that reduces another substance and is oxidized.

Activation Energy

Amount of energy that must be absorbed by reactants in their ground states to reach the transition state so that a reaction can occur. In other words, activation energy is the minimum energy required for a chemical reaction to occur.

Exothermicity

The release of heat by a system as a process occurs.

Inner Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals for one shell inside the outermost occupied shell in its hybridization.

yield

The quantity of product formed by the interaction of two or more substances, generally expressed as a percentage of the quantity obtained to that theoretically obtainable.

Heat of Condensation

The amount of heat that must be removed from one gram of a vapor at it's condensation point to condense the vapour with no change in temperature.

Substitution Reaction

A reaction in which an atom or a group of atoms is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.

Free Radical

A highly reactive chemical species carrying no charge and having a single unpaired electron in an orbital.