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Process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent.

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Electrochemistry

Study of chemical changes produced by electrical current and the production of electricity by chemical reactions.

Emulsifying Agent

A sustance that coats the particles of the dispersed phase and prevents coagulation of colloidal particles, an emulsifier.

Reaction Stoichiometry

Description of the quantitative relationships among substances as they participate in chemical reactions.

Explosive limits

The range of concentrations over which a flammable vapour mixed with proper ratios of air will ignite or explode if a source of ignitions is provided.

Polymer

A large molecule consisting of chains or rings of linked monomer units, usually characterized by high melting and boiling points.

Base

A substance that produces OH (aq) ions in aqueous solution. Strong soluable bases are soluble in water and are completely dissociated. Weak bases ionize only slightly.

Donor Atom

A ligand atom whose electrons are shared with a Lewis acid.

Binary Acid

A binary compound in which H is bonded to one or more of the more electronegative nonmetals.

Monoprotic Acid

Acid that can form only one hydronium ion per molecule, may be strong or weak. Acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen atom per formula unit.

Reverse Osmosis

Forcing solvent molecules to flow through a semipermable membrane from a concentated solution into a dilute solution by the application of greater hydrostatic pressure on concentrated side than the osmotic pressure opposing it.