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Process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent.

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Mother Nuclide

Nuclide that undergoes nuclear decay.

Rate-law Expression

Equation relating the rate of a reaction to the concentrations of the reactants and the specific rate of the constant.

Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis

In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.

Absolute Entropy (of a substance)

The increase in the entropy of a substance as it goes from a perfectly ordered crystalline form at 0 °K (where its entropy is zero) to the temperature in question.

Entropy is a measure of the “dilution” of thermal energy.

Fatty Acids

An aliphatic acid, many can obtained from animal fats.

Positron

A Nuclear particle with the mass of an electron but opposite charge.

Conjugate Acid-base Pair

In Bronsted-Lowry terminology, a reactant and product that differ by a proton, H+.

Crystal Lattice Energy

Amount of energy that holds a crystal together, the energy change when a mole of solid is formed from its constituent molecules or ions (for ionic compounds) in their gaseous state.

Periodic Law

The properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers.

Strong Electrolyte

A substance that conducts electricity well in a dilute aqueous solution.