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Process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent.

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Line Spectrum

An atomic emission or absorption spectrum.

Covalent Compounds

Compounds containing predominantly covalent bonds.

Hund's Rule

All orbitals of a given sublevel must be occupied by single electrons before pairing begins.

Carbanion

An organic ion carrying a negative charge on a carbon atom.

Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA)

A technique for observing the temperature, direction, and magnitude of thermally induced transitions in a material by heating/cooling a sample and comparing its temperature with that of an inert reference material under similar conditions.

Radioactivity

The spontaneous disintegration of atomic nuclei.

Strong Field Ligand

Ligand that exerts a strong crystal or ligand electrical field and generally forms low spin complexes with metal ions when possible.

Effective Molality

The sum of the molalities of all solute particles in a solution.

Hydrate Isomers

Isomers of crystalline complexes that differ in whether water is present inside or outside the coordination sphere.

Molecule

The smallest particle of an element or compound capable of a stable, independent existence.