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A technique for observing the temperature, direction, and magnitude of thermally induced transitions in a material by heating/cooling a sample and comparing its temperature with that of an inert reference material under similar conditions.

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Fast Neutron

A neutron ejected at high kinetic energy in a nuclear reaction.

Galvanizing

Placing a thin layer of zinc on a ferrous material to protect the underlying surface from corrosion.

 

Electrochemistry

Study of chemical changes produced by electrical current and the production of electricity by chemical reactions.

Positron

A Nuclear particle with the mass of an electron but opposite charge.

Water Equivalent

The amount of water that would absorb the same amount of heat as the calorimeter per degree temperature increase.

Sigma Bonds

Bonds resulting from the head-on overlap of atomic orbitals, in which the region of electron sharing is along and (cylindrically) symmetrical to the imaginary line connecting the bonded atoms.

Valence Electrons

Outermost electrons of atoms, usually those involved in bonding.

Effective Molality

The sum of the molalities of all solute particles in a solution.

Conjugate Acid-base Pair

In Bronsted-Lowry terminology, a reactant and product that differ by a proton, H+.

Frequency

The number of repeating corresponding points on a wave that pass a given observation point per unit time.